I. Поставьте приведенные ниже предложения по порядку, чтобы получилось введение к эссе на тему “Should Australia become a republic?” Перепишите его в тетрадь.

As a result, the issue is a very controversial one and has attracted a lot of debate.
It will then put forward a number of reasons why Australia should change to a republican form of government.
The question of whether we maintain the monarchy is not merely a legal detail but is intrinsically linked to the way we perceive ourselves as a distinct nation of people with its own identity and culture.
Since the time of federation, Australia has been a constitutional monarchy with the Queen

of the United Kingdom as its head of state.
This essay will consider some of the arguments for maintaining the monarch as head of state and will outline some of the problems with this position.
However, today many Australians are questioning whether this form of government is still relevant or appropriate and are suggesting that we move towards the establishment of a republic.

II. Прочитайте приведенное ниже задание и попробуйте написать введение, заполнив пропуски в предлагаемом клише:

TASK: In some countries the average worker is obliged to retire at the age of 50, while the other people can work until they are 65 or 70. Meanwhile, we see some politicians enjoying power well into their eighties. Clearly, there is little argument on an appropriate retirement age. Until what age do you think people should be encouraged to remain in paid employment?

The issue of whether we should allow____________________________________________________________

to______________________________________________________________________________________ has

been widely debated in our community recently. It is an important issue because it concerns fundamental moral and economic questions about _____________________________________________________________________________ [6] [7]

Ниже приведены отрывки от пяти разных введений к эссе на тему ‘Modern technology has increased our material wealth, but not our happiness. To what extent do you agree with this statement?’ Найдите первое и второе предложения к каждому из пяти введений.

Every country in the world is aiming at technological development.
The most important thing for happiness, however, is not possession, but relationships.
For most people, technological development means an improvement in their life-style.
Their governments are not making their people more contented, however, as inequalities in society continue to grow.
Modern technology can provide enormous benefits in terms of material goods.
It seems clear, however, that this is an old-fashioned view, and that technological inventions actually allow people to have more free time and leisure to satisfy their spiritual needs.
Technology has brought many changes to people’s lives, not all of which are beneficial.
Some people claim that modern technology is harming society’s spiritual and traditional values.
In fact, in many cases people have suffered enormously because of these changes.
However, while some people enjoy an easier life, others are often made unemployed as a result of new technology, and most people now feel insecure and unhappy as a result.

V. Напишите введения к эссе на следующие задания:

1. In Britain, when someone gets old, they often go to live in a home with other old people where there are nurses to look after them. Sometimes the government has to pay for this care. Who should be responsible for our old people? (G, A)

2. Technology is making communication easier in today's world, but at the expense of personal contact as many people choose to work at home in front of a computer screen. What dangers are there for a society which depends on computer screens rather than face-to-face contact for its main means of communication? (G, A)

3. Many lives are in danger when hastily erected buildings collapse because safety standards have been sacrificed to hopes of a quick profit. To prevent disasters of this kind, governments should play a greater role in setting and enforcing safety standards for building construction. How far do you agree? (A)

4. Should wealthy nations be required to share their wealth with poorer nations by providing such things as food and education? Or is it the responsibility of the government of poorer nations to look after their citizens themselves? (A)

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Источник: Саливон А.Б., Рева Н.И.. ГОТОВИМСЯ К СДАЧЕ ЭКЗАМЕНА IELTS: Writing Essays: учебно-методическое пособие. - Владивосток: Изд-во ВГУЭС, 2008. - 70 с.. 2008

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