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УПРАЖНЕНИЯ [3]

лить собственную позицию. Задавая разные вопросы и отвечая на них, разработайте группы идей и аргументов, которые пояснят вашу позицию по указанной проблеме. Составьте краткий план эссе для каждой из этих тем.

1. Zoos are both necessary and entertaining. (G)

2. When mothers go out to work, their families suffer. (G)

3. Examinations are not a good way to judge a student’s ability. (G, A)

4. Developed countries have no responsibility to help the developing nations. (A)

5. The welfare state makes people less self-reliant. (A)

6. Criminals who commit murders should be sentenced to death1. (A)

II. Прочитайте экзаменационное задание и разработайте план эссе к нему.

WRITING TASK 2 (Academic Module)

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Prepare a written argument for a well-educated reader without special knowledge on the following topic:

Human beings do not need to eat meat in order to maintain good health because they can get all their food needs from meatless products and meatless substitutes. A vegetarian diet is as healthy as a diet containing meat. Argue for or against the opinion above.

You should use your own ideas, knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence.

You should write at least 250 words

III. Прочитайте и переведите эссе, написанное к следующему заданию. Что вы думаете по поводу приведенных автором аргументов? Какие аргументы выдвинули бы вы?

TASK: A balanced diet, or eating balanced meals, is the key to a healthy life. To

what extent do you agree with this statement? Give reasons for your answer. ____________________ (G1A)

Although a balanced diet is important, there are other factors which contribute to a healthy life. People in some cultures do not eat a balanced diet, but use limited food sources. In addition, lack of stress could well be as important as diet.

One culture-related reason concerns environmental or climatic conditions. The Inuit, in the Arctic Circle, live in harsh surroundings and their major source of food for many months of the year is fish. Nutritionists in industrialized countries would not consider their diet balanced or even healthy, yet Inuit people have flourished on food from the sea for centuries. Another cultural reason is religion-based. Many Hindus are vegetarian because of their religion. Again, many dieticians claim that vegetarianism is unbalanced because humans need protein, especially from animals. Hindus, however, seem to be quite healthy, suffering no ill effects from the lack of animal protein.

The major reason for disagreeing with the balanced diet argument, however, is to do with stress. Even though people in the past did not always have a balanced diet, sometimes existing only on potatoes and bread, they lived healthy lives because there was little or no stress of the kind that afflicts urban residents today. Secondly, there is a large percentage of contemporary people who do their jobs, then relax in front of TV, and quite often eat junk food, but seem healthy enough. They may be spared disease by their relatively stress-free lives.

______________________________________________________________________________ (240 words) [4]

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Источник: Саливон А.Б., Рева Н.И.. ГОТОВИМСЯ К СДАЧЕ ЭКЗАМЕНА IELTS: Writing Essays: учебно-методическое пособие. - Владивосток: Изд-во ВГУЭС, 2008. - 70 с.. 2008

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